At the beginning of 2022, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine broke out, causing a sudden change in the international situation, and the new coronavirus variant also made a comeback at the same time, once again shrouding the world under the shadow of the virus. Whether it is a war or an epidemic, it will have an indiscriminate blow to the economies of various countries. Swans swept the world.
At present, the external development environment of my country’s economic development is difficult and there are many uncertain factors, but there are still new opportunities lurking under the crisis. For various industries, how to adapt to the changes of the times and grasp new development opportunities is the current enterprise in various industries. challenges faced.
Returning to the semiconductor field, stimulated by the application of high demand in the downstream market, the global semiconductor market will grow rapidly in 2021. According to WSTS statistics, global semiconductor sales will reach 555.9 billion US dollars in 2021, a year-on-year increase of 26.2%. my country’s integrated circuit industry in 2021 The sales amounted to 1,045.83 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 18.2%.
The semiconductor industry is an important driver for the rapid development of the digital age, and it is also one of the important indicators to measure a country’s comprehensive strength. As the world’s largest semiconductor market, under the “two-wheel” drive of good national industrial policy support and downstream demand stimulation, domestic The semiconductor industry has a bright future.
The development of enterprises is inseparable from talents, and the semiconductor industry urgently needs the supply of high-quality talents. What is the current situation of the development of talents in the semiconductor industry?
JW Insights sorts and analyzes the data of 135 listed companies in 2021, and categorizes and analyzes from multiple dimensions such as personnel composition, personnel efficiency, personnel education distribution, and average salary of personnel to present the current market talent situation.
First, the composition of the semiconductor industry personnel
(1) Distribution of the number of personnel
According to data from 135 listed companies, the number of employees in the semiconductor industry in 2021 will be 456,600, a year-on-year increase of 17.54% compared with 388,500 in 2020. From the perspective of different types of positions, the number of production personnel reached 266,000, ranking first in the number of personnel in all types of positions, followed by technical personnel with 119,200 personnel.
Due to the influence of the business model in the design industry, technicians (R&D) account for a high proportion of the overall personnel composition, accounting for 42.97%. It can also be seen from the data analysis results that the top 10 companies with the highest proportion of technicians are all designers. Among them, the technical personnel of Chuangyao Technology and Huiding Technology account for more than 90% of the total number of employees.
In 2021, except for procurement and general management positions, the number of other positions will show positive growth, of which sales, technical and functional positions will all increase by more than 20%. As the industry enters a rapid development cycle, the upstream and downstream needs of the industrial chain have been released to varying degrees, and companies in the industry have an increasing demand for talents. As a technology- and talent-intensive industry, integrated circuits are a technology- and talent-intensive industry. A key factor in competitive advantage.
From the perspective of industrial chain distribution, the number of employees in the IDM and packaging and testing fields has exceeded 100,000, and the number of employees in the design field is 99,000, ranking third. Compared with the number of personnel in various fields in 2020, the personnel in the equipment field ranked first with an increase of 42.48%, followed by electronic components (21.83%) and packaging and testing (20.01%). Semiconductor equipment is a key support link in the semiconductor industry industry chain, and it is also a key factor restricting the development of my country’s semiconductor industry. In 2021, the listed companies of my country’s domestic semiconductor equipment have achieved leapfrog development. It can also be seen from the substantial growth of industrial personnel that my country’s semiconductor equipment industry is in a state of rapid development, and the process of domestic substitution is also accelerating.
(2) Distribution of educational background of personnel
The semiconductor industry has the characteristics of a long industrial chain, and each industrial chain can be independently formed into a chain, which also makes the personnel working in the semiconductor industry vary greatly, especially in the integrated circuit sector, which accounts for 80% of the semiconductor industry. obvious. The upstream design field is highly knowledge-intensive, so it brings together a large number of highly educated professionals who graduated from excellent colleges and universities, while the mid-stream and downstream wafer manufacturing and packaging and testing, due to the needs of factory production, the front-line operators are mostly measured by their past. Work experience is the main criterion, education is not the highest priority. Judging from the distribution of personnel education data of listed companies, in 2021, the highest proportion of education in my country’s semiconductor industry is junior college and below (43.17%), and undergraduate education (23.86%) ranks third.
In 2021, listed semiconductor companies will show varying degrees of increase in each educational structure. Among them, college education and below have the highest increase of 26.45%, master’s degree and above will increase by 23.64%, and undergraduate degree will increase by 22.10%.
The secondary market is a barometer of the market economy, which can more accurately and intuitively reflect the fundamentals of enterprise development in the market. The financial and personnel management of listed companies has attracted more attention from investors. By collating and analyzing the data disclosed by listed companies in China’s integrated circuit industry in 2021, we hope to help industry companies and related practitioners better understand market talents Happening.
In addition to listed companies, with the rapid development of the semiconductor industry, a number of semiconductor companies have also sprung up. In the face of the current high economic cycle of the industry, there is an obvious shortage of talent supply. However, in the post-Moore era, under the struggle, The importance of talent has become increasingly prominent.
For start-up or small and medium-sized semiconductor companies, without the halo of a big factory, nor can they provide more generous salaries, it can be said that it is difficult to compete for limited high-quality talents.